Together with the Churches of St. Magno, St. Maria in Campis and the Miglio St. Paolo, the little church of St. Mary of Fiamenga (Santa Maria della Fiamenga) was built in the Middle Ages about a mile away from the burial site of St. Feliciano (the current Folignate Cathedral), in one of the crossroads in the city, almost as if it formed a protective cross around it.
It was built in Romanesque style in the twelfth century (the first official mention dates back to 1138) and was headed by the local church of St. James. It seems that the church was the destination of many pilgrims and travelers walking along the Loreto path, but it was also visited by former prisoners, whose passage is confirmed by their graffiti found there. It became a destination of pilgrimage also by the people of Foligno, who went there every Sunday. In the 1500s the church was entrusted to a hermit who lived in rooms adjacent to the little church.
The church, small and very simple, was built of Assisi stone in a rectangular plan, with a single nave and a central main door.
Inside there used to be three altars, two of which were dedicated to St. Anthony of Padua and St. Feliciano, but which have been lost.
The last restoration works were carried out in 2004 under the direction of the architect I; the work was commissioned by the local Rotary club in order to make it easier for the public to visit the church.